Amasya dating from 6500 BC is set in a narrow gorge in the Yeşilırmak River. During the Ottoman period, the city was an important cultural centre where many scientists and sultans' sons were schooled.
It is still possible to observe the Amasya heritage of earlier civilisations. The ruins of the castle rising from the craggy rock contain an Ottoman palace and a secret underground passageway and hewn into the rock face above the city are impressive rock tombs illuminated at night.
Visit the 13th-century Seljuk Burmalı Minare Mosque, the Torumtay Tomb, the Gökmedrese Mosque, and the 14th-century İlhanid Hospital with lovely reliefs around its portal, the 15th-century Beyazıt II Mosque complex and the unusual octagonal Kapı Ağa Madrasah.