Formerly a game reserve, Bicuar National park occupies an incredible 790,000 hectares. The park bordered by the Cunene River in the east marks an important eco-system made up by the riverbanks, sandy hills and river valleys with savannah grassland. The park has several species of plants, but the most occurring is bushveld, waterlogged savannah on the river delta and banks, shrub thickets, open miombo bushveld and savanna.
Leopards and spotted hyaena are the most common large carnivores in Bicuar, and both are widespread through the outer regions.
Observed are ten species of medium and small carnivores, including serval, caracal, black-backed jackal, wildcat, miombo genet, honey badger, bat-eared fox, and swamp mongoose. Of these species, serval, caracal, black-backed jackal and wildcat were the most common. Surveys estimate there might be 70 elephants in Bicuar, operating from two main areas of remote forest and thicket.
Since the Spanish government funds conservation efforts for Angola parks, there are programs for wildlife conservation such as electric fencing, rehabilitation, construction of trails and reforestation.