Bayanga is home to 4000 residents who live in wooden houses, where roofs are topped with the leaves of palm trees. Apart from the early inhabitants of fishermen and pygmies, the population here is composed of migrants attracted by employment opportunities and almost 200 people are employed in the Reserve. With the advent of the modern working world, Bayanga has lost parts of its traditional lifestyle.
A visit to the small villages of Yandoumbé and Mossapoula give an authentic impression of the traditional lifestyle of the pygmies. Fishermen, hunter-gatherers, as well as the farmers, cultivate cassava, coffee and corn. These groups of B’Aka pygmies have kept to their traditional way of life contributing to the charm of the region.