Stretching twenty kilometres along the coast, Alexandria was founded in 331 BC by 25-year-old Alexander the Great To rival Rome, it is the stuff of legends, and must have been a sight to behold. Pharos lighthouse, marked the ancient harbour’s entrance, was one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and the Great Library the archive of ancient knowledge.
Open most days, the new Bibliotheca Alexandrina is striking in its architecture and also contains a Planetarium and Science Museum. The complex is one of Egypt’s major cultural venues and a stage for numerous international performers.
Visit the Roman Amphitheatre at Kom al-Dikka. In 1965, a semi-circular amphitheatre was discovered under what was known as Kom al-Dikka or the Mound of Rubble, after the remains of a Napoleonic fort were levelled for a housing project.
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