- Northern Sudan

On the Nile River south of the 3rd Cataract, the city of Kerma was the main centre of the Kingdom of Kush. A civilisation developed here before the Egyptians conquered them in 1.550 B.C. Kerma is considered one of the oldest inhabited towns in Africa and a place of immense historical importance.

The area was occupied for at least 10,000 years, but the town reached its peak around the period of 1800 BC to 1600 BC, when it became the capital of the Kingdom of Kush and an important trading centre during the time of Egypt’s Middle Kingdom.

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