Situated on the shores of Lake Kariba this park was proclaimed a non-hunting area in 1958 before the dam's construction. The Park comprises 1 400 square kilometres of diverse flora and fauna.
With the building of the lake came ecological changes. The lakeshore contributed to the increase of large mammal populations, especially elephant and buffalo. The grass found on the shoreline needing only fluctuating lake levels to replenish its nutrients. With this ready food source, buffalo, waterbuck, zebra, and impala have thrived and with them the predators. Matusadona is designated an Intensive Protection Zone and is home to several relocated rhinoceros.